How to Play Pétanque
1. Pétanque (pronounced pay-tonk) is played by 2 teams of one, two, or three players each. For singles and doubles, each player plays with 3 boules (balls). For triples, each player plays with 2 boules.
2. The objective of the game is to be the first team to score 13 points by getting balls closer to the jack, a small target ball. The game is normally played on bare ground or gravel.
3. A coin toss determines the first team to play. A player on the first team starts the round by drawing a circle 35mm to 50mm in diameter on the ground and tosses the jack a distance of 6 to 10 meters.
4. The jack must be 1 meter away from the boundary of the court or any obstructions, such as a tree or bench.
5. Standing inside the circle, a player from the first team throws a ball to place it near the jack.
6. While throwing a ball, a player’s feet must not completely lift off the ground or step out of the circle.
7. After the first team has played, a player from the second team plays a ball. During the round of play the team that does NOT have the ball closest to the jack must keep playing until it gets the closest ball or runs out of balls.
8. Besides “pointing” a ball closer, the team may choose to shoot out the opponent’s ball. Pushing balls or moving the jack is allowed.
9. The round ends when both teams have thrown out all their balls. The team with the ball closest to the jack scores one point for each ball closer than the closest ball of the opposing team.
10. The team that won the round draws a new circle, tosses out the jack, and throws the first ball. The game continues in this manner until one teams reaches 13 points.